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macos下iTerm2使用rz、sz命令传输文件,解决通过堡垒机登陆后无法传输文件

说明:使用rz sz实现终端的文件传输,该命令主要使用场景为 macos中通过堡垒机登陆后无法使用ftp工具传输文件。

工具:iTerm2、lrzsz、homebrew 

以及两个脚本文件(iterm2-recv-zmodem.sh、iterm2-send-zmodem.sh)

  • iTerm2

官网下载 http://www.iterm2.com/

下载完直接拖进应用程序就可以了

  • 安装homebrew 

ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"

  • lrzsz

brew install lrzsz

配置rz sz 进行上传下载

cd /usr/local/bin

在该目录下创建脚本

脚本内容如下:

1. iterm2-recv-zmodem.sh

#!/bin/bash
# Author: Matt Mastracci (matthew@mastracci.com)
# AppleScript from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4309087/cancel-button-on-osascript-in-a-bash-script
# licensed under cc-wiki with attribution required 
# Remainder of script public domain

osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to version' > /dev/null 2>&1 && NAME=iTerm2 || NAME=iTerm
if [[ $NAME = "iTerm" ]]; then
    FILE=`osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm" to activate' -e 'tell application "iTerm" to set thefile to choose folder with prompt "Choose a folder to place received files in"' -e "do shell script (\"echo \"&(quoted form of POSIX path of thefile as Unicode text)&\"\")"`
else
    FILE=`osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to activate' -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to set thefile to choose folder with prompt "Choose a folder to place received files in"' -e "do shell script (\"echo \"&(quoted form of POSIX path of thefile as Unicode text)&\"\")"`
fi

if [[ $FILE = "" ]]; then
    echo Cancelled.
    # Send ZModem cancel
    echo -e \\x18\\x18\\x18\\x18\\x18
    sleep 1
    echo
    echo \# Cancelled transfer
else
    cd "$FILE"
    /usr/local/bin/rz -E -e -b
    sleep 1
    echo
    echo
    echo \# Sent \-\> $FILE
fi

2. iterm2-send-zmodem.sh

#!/bin/bash
# Author: Matt Mastracci (matthew@mastracci.com)
# AppleScript from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4309087/cancel-button-on-osascript-in-a-bash-script
# licensed under cc-wiki with attribution required 
# Remainder of script public domain

osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to version' > /dev/null 2>&1 && NAME=iTerm2 || NAME=iTerm
if [[ $NAME = "iTerm" ]]; then
    FILE=`osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm" to activate' -e 'tell application "iTerm" to set thefile to choose file with prompt "Choose a file to send"' -e "do shell script (\"echo \"&(quoted form of POSIX path of thefile as Unicode text)&\"\")"`
else
    FILE=`osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to activate' -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to set thefile to choose file with prompt "Choose a file to send"' -e "do shell script (\"echo \"&(quoted form of POSIX path of thefile as Unicode text)&\"\")"`
fi
if [[ $FILE = "" ]]; then
    echo Cancelled.
    # Send ZModem cancel
    echo -e \\x18\\x18\\x18\\x18\\x18
    sleep 1
    echo
    echo \# Cancelled transfer
else
    /usr/local/bin/sz "$FILE" -e -b
    sleep 1
    echo
    echo \# Received $FILE
fi 

保存好后添加执行权限

sudo chmod u+x iterm2-*

iTerm2 配置添加rz sz 功能

Perference-> Profiles -> Default -> Advanced -> Triggers 的 Edit 按钮

或者使用快捷键command+,

image.png

image.png

image.png

编辑内容如下:

Regular expression: rz waiting to receive.\*\*B0100
Action: Run Silent Coprocess
Parameters: /usr/local/bin/iterm2-send-zmodem.sh
Regular expression: \*\*B00000000000000
Action: Run Silent Coprocess
Parameters: /usr/local/bin/iterm2-recv-zmodem.sh

配置完成后如果还无法正常使用,遇到下面的错误,需要建立rz、sz软连接到/usr/local/bin 下即可

image.png

image.png

操作步骤如下:

1.找到文件位置

image.png

2.建立软连接

image.png

检查软连接是否创建

 

image.png

这两个命令就可以正常使用了

rz 上传功能

  • 在bash中,也就是iTerm2终端输入rz 就会弹出文件选择框,选择文件 choose 就开始上传,会上传到当前目录

sz 下载功能

  • sz fileName(你要下载的文件的名字) 回车
  • 会弹出窗体 我们选择要保存的地方即可。

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